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24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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Plantes et Système de cultures Horticoles

Zone de texte éditable et éditée et rééditée

Gilles Vercambre

Senior scientist (CR1)


1115 Plantes et Systèmes de culture Horticoles

ÉquipeEcophysiologie des Plantes Horticoles



Domaine Saint Paul, Site Agroparc

CS 40509

84914 Avignon Cedex 9

Tél: (33) 432 72 24 76

Email : gilles.vercambre at



2001 : Senior scientist (CR1), Plantes et Systèmes de culture Horticoles, INRA Avignon

1998-2001 Researcher (CR2), Plantes et Systèmes de culture Horticoles, INRA Avignon

1998 : PhD thesis in Agronomical Sciences – Modelling water uptake by root architecture under non-uniform water availabilities. Study on Peach (Prunus persica L. Batsch) in orchard.


 I am presently working on resources acquisition and transfer within a complex plant architecture. The resources transfer is modelled using the Munch flow hypothesis through architecture, linking water and carbohydrate flow through the xylem and phloem network. Processes such as resources acquisition (water and minerals uptake, carbon assimilation) and organs growth are dependant of exogenous availability (soil water content, radiation …) and local endogenous availability. The resources availabilities are expressed through the water potential and the carbohydrate concentration. These endogenous availabilities are resulting from the resources transfer in the architecture, the architecture (topology, geometry and transfer properties) connecting organs acting as sources and sink.

 Key word: architecture, transfer, modelling, water, irrigation, carbohydrate


PhD students

Fatima Adra (2013-) Étude de l'impact de stress hydrique et/ou de fortes températures sur la production de pêche et leur qualité.

Mitra Rahmati (2011-) Fruit and tree crop modelling in relation with irrigation. Thèse en co-tutelle avec l’université de Masshad (Iran), co-encadrement avec Dr. M.  Bannayan, M. Génard.

AyeAye Thwe (2010-2013) Impacts of Ozone Exposure on Root, Shoot and Photosynthetic Responses of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentumMill.). Co-encadrement avec le Professeur P. Kasemsap (Université Kasetsart, Thailande) et H. Gautier.

Carole Bécel,Université d’Avignon (ED SIBAGHE), 2007-2010 (co-directedwith Loïc Pagès) – Root growth in peach orchard – Effects of carbohydrates availability and soil properties.

Safaa Najla,Université d’Avignon (ED SIBAGHE), 2006-2009 (co-directedwith Michel Génard) – Modelling of plant and fruit growth in Tomato. Application to various salinity and water level

Caroline Gibert,Université d’Avignon (ED SIBAGHE), 2005-2007 (co-directed with Françoise Lescourret and Michel Génard) Cuticular crack occurrence on peach fruit (Prunus Persica L. Batsch) in relation with cultural practices. Outcomes on quality and brown rot development.


Baldazzi, V., Pinet, A.,Vercambre, G., Bénard, C., Biais, B., Génard, M. (2013) In-silico analysis of water and carbon relations under stress conditions. A multi-scale perspective centered on fruit. Frontiers in Plant Science, doi: 10.3389/fpls.2013.00495.

Jordan, MO,Vercambre, G., Gomez, L., Pagès, L. (2013) The early spring N uptake of young peach trees (Prunus persicae) is affected by past and current fertilisations and the management of C and N stores. Tree Physiology, in press.

Thwe, AA,Vercambre, G., Gautier, H., Pagès, L., Jourdan, C., Gay, F., Kasempap, P. (2012) Dynamic shoot and root growth at different developmental stages of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill.) under acute ozone stress. Scientia Horticulturae, 150, 317-325.  DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2012.11.015

Bécel, C.,Vercambre, G., Pagès, L. (2012) Soil penetration resistance, a suitable soil property to account for variations in root elongation and branching. Plant Soil, 353:169– 180.

Mirás-Avalos, J., Egea, G., Nicolas, E., Génard, M.,Vercambre, G., Moitrier, N., Valsesia, P., Gonzalez-Real, M.M., Bussi, C., Lescourret, F. (2011) QualiTree, a virtual fruit tree to study the management of fruit quality. II. Parameterisation for peach, analysis of growth-related processes and agronomic scenarios. Trees - Structure and Function.

Jordan, M.O.,Vercambre, G., Le Bot, J., Adamowicz, S., Gomez, L. Pagès, L. (2011) Autumnal nitrogen nutrition affects the C and N storage and architecture of young peach trees. Trees (2011) 25:333–344. (DOI: 10.1007/s00468-010-0509-7).

Najla, S.,Vercambre, G., Génard, M. (2010) Improvement of the enhanced phloem exudation technique to estimate phloem concentration and turgor pressure in tomato. Plant Science, in press.

Gibert,C., Chadœuf, J., Nicot, P.,Vercambre, G., Génard, M., Lescourret, L. (2009) Modelling the effect of the cuticular crack surface area and the inoculum density on the probability of nectarine fruit infection by Monilinia laxa. Plant Pathology, 58, 1021–1031.

Najla, S.,Vercambre, G., Pagès, L., Grasselly, D., Gautier, H. Génard, M. (2009) Tomato plant architecture as affected by salinity: Descriptive analysis and integration in a 3-D simulation model. Botany 87(10): 893–904.

Génard, M., Dauzat, J., Franck, N., Lescourret, F., Moitrier, N., Vaast, P.,Vercambre, G. (2008) Carbon allocation in fruit trees: from theory to modelling. Trees, Structure and Function, 22, 3, 269-282.

Vercambre G., Pagès L., Doussan C., Habib R. (2003) Architectural analysis and synthesis of the plum tree root system in an orchard using a quantitative modeling approach. Plant Soil, 258, 103-119.

Vercambre G., Doussan C., Pagès L., Habib R. (2002) Distribution of hydraulic conductance in the peach tree root system. Implication for water uptake. Trees, 16, 479-487.