Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free:

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site:, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Google Analytics

Targeted advertising cookies


The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at:

24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Institut Sophia Agrobiotech Logo Marque Etat - République Française Logo_INRAE_noir Logo Université Côte d'Azur CNRS

Home page

Institut Sophia Agrobiotech

UMR INRA - Univ. Nice Sophia Antipolis - Cnrs



  • Borowiec, N., Auguste, A., Alison, B., Berud, M., Borioli, P., Buch, I., . . . Ris, N. (2020). Un parasitoïde exotique contre le carpocapse des pommes. Phytoma, la Défense des Végétaux, 739, 39-43.
  • Ivezic, A., Rugman-Jones, P., Malausa, T., Ris, N., & Ignjatovic-Cupina, A. (2020). Molecular identification ofTrichogramma species parasitizing Ostrinia nubilalisin corn and pepper in south-east border of Europe. International Journal of Pest Management. doi:10.1080/09670874.2020.1779383
  • Kreiter, P., Germain, J.-F., Balmès, V., Belet, A., Cambournac, L., Correa, M., . . . Robert, F. (2020). Diversité des cochenilles en horticulture ornementale. Phytoma, la Défense des Végétaux, 736, 41-46.
  • Lartigue, S., Yalaoui, M., Belliard, J., Caravel, C., Jeandroz, L., Groussier, G., . . . Moreau, J. (2020). Consistent variations in personality traits and their potential for genetic improvement of biocontrol agents: Trichogramma evanescens as a case study. Peer Community in Ecology. doi:
  • Muru, D., Borowiec, N., Thaon, M., Ris, N., Viciriuc, M. I., Warot, S., & Vercken, E. (2020). The open bar is closed: restructuration of a native parasitoid community following successful control of an invasive pest. Peer Community in Zoology. doi:
  • Olazcuaga, L., Loiseau, A., Parrinello, H., Paris, M., Fraimout, A., Guedot, C., . . . Gautier, M. (2020). A Whole-Genome Scan for Association with Invasion Success in the Fruit Fly Drosophila suzukii Using Contrasts of Allele Frequencies Corrected for Population Structure. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 37(8), 2369-2385. doi:10.1093/molbev/msaa098
  • Seehausen, M. L., Ris, N., Driss, L., Racca, A., Girod, P., Warot, S., . . . Kenis, M. (2020). Evidence for a cryptic parasitoid species reveals its suitability as a biological control agent. Scientific Reports, 10(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-020-76180-5


  • Amouroux, P., Crochard, D., Correa, M., Groussier, G., Kreiter, P., Roman, C., . . . Zaviezo, T. (2019). Natural enemies of armored scales (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) and soft scales (Hemiptera: Coccidae) in Chile: Molecular and morphological identification. Plos One, 14(3). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0205475
  • Auguste, A., Alison, B., Berud, M., Borioli, P., Hucbourg, B., Muru, D., . . . Borowiec, N. (2019). Un parasitoïde contre le carpocapse. Réussir Fruits et Légumes, 390, 28-29.
  • Borowiec, N., La Salle, J., Brancaccio, L., Thaon, M., Warot, S., Branco, M., . . . Burks, R. (2019). Ophelimus mediterraneus sp. n. (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae): a new Eucalyptus gall wasp in the Mediterranean region. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 109(5), 678-694. doi:10.1017/s0007485318001037
  • Bout, A., Lambion, J., Quaglietti, B., Ion Scotta, M., Ruiz, I., Le Goff, I., . . . Streito, J.-C. (2019). M. pygmaeus, une punaise auxiliaire pleine de ressources. Phytoma, la Défense des Végétaux, 724, 41-44.
  • Bout, A., Le Goff, I., Cesari, L., Genson, G., Gard, B., Ris, N., & Streito, J.-C. (2019). Solutions de lutte biologique pour maîtriser les punaises. Phytoma, la Défense des Végétaux, 723, 22-27.
  • Streito, J.-C., & Bout, A. (2019a). "Oh punaise !" Vous avez dit punaises ? Phytoma, la Défense des Végétaux, 722, 49-52.
  • Streito, J.-C., & Bout, A. (2019b). Punaises phytophages : quelle diversité sur nos cultures ? Phytoma, la Défense des Végétaux, 722, 53-56.


  • Balmès, V., Bout, A., & Reynaud, P. (2018). Une nouvelle espèce invasive en France : Thrips setosus Moulton, 1928 (Thysanoptera, Thripidae). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France, 123(3), 301-311.
  • Borowiec, N., Thaon, M., Brancaccio, L., Cailleret, B., Ris, N., & Vercken, E. (2018). Early population dynamics in classical biological control: establishment of the exotic parasitoid Torymus sinensis and control of its target pest, the chestnut gall wasp Dryocosmus kuriphilus, in France. Entomologia Experimentalis Et Applicata, 166(5), 367-379. doi:10.1111/eea.12660
  • Bout, A., Marchand, A., Robert, F., Silvy, E., Crochard, D., Malausa, T., . . . Reynaud, P. (2018). Des outils moléculaires pour caractériser la diversité réelle des thysanoptères en cultures ornementales et faciliter le diagnostic. Innovations Agronomiques, 63, 421-432.
  • Collectif, O., & Ris, N. (2018). Les conquêtes de l'Inra pour le biocontrôle. Retrieved from
  • Cruaud, A., Groussier, G., Genson, G., Saune, L., Polaszek, A., & Rasplus, J. Y. (2018). Pushing the limits of whole genome amplification: successful sequencing of RADseq library from a single microhymenopteran (Chalcidoidea, Trichogramma). Peerj, 6. doi:10.7717/peerj.5640
  • Dubreuil, N., Ottomani, M.-M., Tison, G., & Kreiter, P. (2018). Réduction des intrants phytosanitaires en vergers de kiwis et de clémentines en Corse. Innovations Agronomiques, 70, 87-104.
  • Dumbardon-Martial, T., Lucas, P.-D., Warot, S., Ris, N., & Groussier, G. (2018). Recherche d’espèces du genre Trichogramma sur Cucurbitacées cultivées et plantes associées en Martinique en vue du développement de méthodes de lutte biologique (Hymenoptera, Trichogrammatidae). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France, 123(4), 401-410.
  • Girod, P., Borowiec, N., Buffington, M., Chen, G. H., Fang, Y., Kimura, M. T., . . . Kenis, M. (2018). The parasitoid complex of D. suzukii and other fruit feeding Drosophila species in Asia. Scientific Reports, 8. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-29555-8
  • Iacovone, A., Ris, N., Poirie, M., & Gatti, J. L. (2018). Time-course analysis of Drosophila suzukii interaction with endoparasitoid wasps evidences a delayed encapsulation response compared to D-melanogaster. Plos One, 13(8). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0201573
  • Mougin, C., Artige, E., Marchand, F., Mondy, S., Ratie, C., Sellier, N., . . . Salle, G. (2018). BRC4Env, a network of Biological Resource Centres for research in environmental and agricultural sciences. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25(34), 33849-33857. doi:10.1007/s11356-018-1973-7
  • Muru, D., Auguste-Maros, A., Fauvergue, X., Malausa, T., Ris, N., Thaon, M., . . . Borowiec, N. (2018). Un parasitoïde exotique pour lutter contre le carpocapse. Phytoma, la Défense des Végétaux, 710, 37-41.
  • Rahimi-Kaldeh, S., Ashouri, A., Bandani, A., & Ris, N. (2018). Abiotic and biotic factors influence diapause induction in sexual and asexual strains of Trichogramma brassicae (Hym: Trichogrammatidae). Scientific Reports, 8. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-35626-7


  • Amouroux, P., Crochard, D., Germain, J.-F., Correa, M., Ampuero, J., Groussier, G., Kreiter, P., Malausa, T., and Zaviezo, T. (2017). Genetic diversity of armored scales (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) and soft scales (Hemiptera: Coccidae) in Chile. Scientific Reports 7, 2014. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-01997-6
  • Fernandez-Conradi, P., Borowiec, N., Capdevielle, X., Castagneyrol, B., Maltoni, A., Robin, C., Selvi, F., Halder, I.V., Vétillard, F., and Jactel, H. (2017). Plant neighbour identity and invasive pathogen infection affect associational resistance to an invasive gall wasp. Biol Invasions 1–15. DOI: 10.1007/s10530-017-1637-4
  • Fleisch, A., Thaon, M. and Borowiec, N. (2017). Parasitoïdes associés au cynips du châtaignier en Alsance. Phytoma, 704, 8-10.
  • Laurent KREMMER, Jean DAVID, Nicolas BOROWIEC, Marcel THAON, Nicolas RIS, Marylène POIRIÉ, Jean-Luc GATTI (2017). The African fig fly Zaprionus indianus: a new invasive pest in France? Bulletin of Insectology 70, 57–62.
  • Kremmer, L., Thaon, M., Borowiec, N., David, J., Poirié, M., Gatti, J.-L., and Ris, N. (2017). Field Monitoring of Drosophila suzukii and Associated Communities in South Eastern France as a Pre-Requisite for Classical Biological Control. Insects 8, 124. DOI: 10.3390/insects8040124
  • Quaglietti, B., Gautier, P., Groussier, G., Fleisch, A., Kreiter, P., Ris, N., and Malausa, T. (2017). Pre‐release host range determination of the parasitoid Allotropa burrelli for the biocontrol of Pseudococcus comstocki in France. Journal of Applied Entomology 141, 665–668. DOI: 10.1111/jen.12407
  • Quaglietti, B., Tamisier, L., Groussier, G., Fleisch, A., Le Goff, I., Ris, N., Kreiter, P., Fauvergue, X., and Malausa, T. (2017). No inbreeding depression in laboratory-reared individuals of the parasitoid wasp Allotropa burrelli. Ecol Evol 7, 964–973.
  • Thaon, M., Audant, P., Ris, N. and Borowiec, N. (2017). Entomopolis: de la production de masse d’insectes auxiliaires au maintien d’organismes réglementés. Les Cahiers Techniques de l’INRA, Numéro Spécial 2017 « Innovations entomologiques: du laboratoire au champ! », 59-68.


  • Al khatib, F., Cruaud, A., Fusu, L., Genson, G., Rasplus, J.-Y., Ris, N., and Delvare, G. (2016). Multilocus phylogeny and ecological differentiation of the “Eupelmus urozonus species group” (Hymenoptera, Eupelmidae) in the West-Palaearctic. BMC Evolutionary Biology 16, 13. DOI: 10.1186/s12862-015-0571-2
  • Correa, M.C.G., Palero, F., Dubreuil, N., Etienne, L., Hulak, M., Tison, G., Warot, S., Crochard, D., Ris, N., and Kreiter, P. (2016). Molecular characterization of parasitoids from armored scales infesting citrus orchards in Corsica, France. BioControl 61, 639–647.DOI: 10.1007/s10526-016-9752-1
  • Malausa, T., Delaunay, M., Fleisch, A., Groussier-Bout, G., Warot, S., Crochard, D., Guerrieri, E., Delvare, G., Pellizzari, G., Kaydan, M.B., et al. (2016). Investigating Biological Control Agents for Controlling Invasive Populations of the Mealybug Pseudococcus comstocki in France. PLOS ONE 11, e0157965.
  • Mollot, G., Borowiec, N., Duyck, P.-F., Glénac, S., and Quilici, S. (2016). Life-history traits of Encarsia guadeloupae, a natural enemy of the invasive spiralling whitefly Aleurodicus dispersus. J. Appl. Entomol. DOI: 10.1111/jen.12236


  • Al Khatib, F., Fusu, L., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G., Borowiec, N., Rasplus, J.-Y., Ris, N., and Delvare, G. (2015). Availability of eleven species names of Eupelmus (Hymenoptera, Eupelmidae) proposed in Al khatib et al. (2014). Zookeys 137–145. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.505.9021
  • Brun, J.-M., Bernadet, M.-D., Cornuez, A., Leroux, S., Bodin, L., Basso, B., Davail, S., Jaglin, M., Lessire, M., Martin, X., et al. (2015). Influence of grand-mother diet on offspring performances through the male line in Muscovy duck. BMC Genetics 16, 145. DOI: 10.1186/s12863-015-0303-z
  • Mignon-Grasteau, S., Rideau, N., Gabriel, I., Chantry-Darmon, C., Boscher, M.-Y., Sellier, N., Chabault, M., Bihan-Duval, E.L., and Narcy, A. (2015). Detection of QTL controlling feed efficiency and excretion in chickens fed a wheat-based diet. Genet Sel Evol 47, 1–13. DOI: 10.1186/s12711-015-0156-y
  • Mollot, G., Borowiec, N., Duyck, P.-F., Glénac, S., and Quilici, S. (2015). Life-history traits of Encarsia guadeloupae, a natural enemy of the invasive spiralling whitefly Aleurodicus dispersus. J. Appl. Entomol. DOI: 10.1111/jen.12236
  • Morel-Journel, Thibaut; Fauvergue, Xavier; Lombaert, Eric; Mailleret, Ludovic; Malausa, Thibaut; Ris, Nicolas; Vercken, Elodie (2015). De l’utilisation de microcosmes pour le test d’hypothèses en biologie de l’invasion. Revue d'Ecologie 70, 16–27.
  • Vercken, E., Fauvergue, X., Ris, N., Crochard, D., and Mailleret, L. (2015). Temporal autocorrelation in host density increases establishment success of parasitoids in an experimental system. Ecol Evol. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.1505


  • Al Khatib, F., Fusu, L., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G., Borowiec, N., Rasplus, J.-Y., Ris, N., and Delvare, G. (2014). An integrative approach to species discrimination in the Eupelmus urozonus complex (Hymenoptera, Eupelmidae), with the description of 11 new species from the Western Palaearctic. Syst Entomol 39, 806–862. DOI: 10.1111/syen.12089
  • Borowiec N., Thaon M., Brancaccio L., Warot S., Vercken E., Fauvergue X., Ris N. & Malausa J.-C. (2014). Classical biological control against the chestnut gall wasp Dryocosmus kuriphilus (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae) in France. Plant Protection Quarterly, 29, 7-10
  • Hok, S., Allasia, V., Andrio, E., Naessens, E., Panabières, F., Attard, A., Ris, N., Clément, M., Barlet, X., Marco, Y., et al. (2014). The Receptor Kinase IMPAIRED OOMYCETE SUSCEPTIBILITY 1 Attenuates Abscisic Acid Responses in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Physiol. pp.114.248518. DOI : 10.1104/pp.114.248518
  • Sellier, N., Guettier, E., Staub, C. (2014). A review of methods to measure animal body temperature in precision farming. American Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 2 (2), 74-99. Doi:10.7726/ajast.2014.1008
  • Vayssade, C., de Fazio, C., Quaglietti, B., Auguste, A., Ris, N., and Fauvergue, X. (2014). Inbreeding Depression in a Parasitoid Wasp with Single-Locus Complementary Sex Determination. PLoS ONE 9, e97733. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0097733


  • Borowiec N, Thaon M, Brancaccio L, Warot S, Risso S, Bertoncello E, Quacchia A, Ris N, Malausa JC. 2013. Lutte biologique contre le cynips du châtaignier : objectifs et enjeux de cette lutte biologique dite « classique ». Phytoma, la défense des végétaux. 662 : 32-35.
  • Chabert S, Allemand R, Poyet M, Ris N, Gibert P. Drosophila suzukii, vers une lutte biologique contre ce ravageur des fruits rouges. Phytoma, la défense des végétaux 660 : 34-38.
  • Cocquempot, C., Malausa, J.-C., Thaon, M., and Brancaccio, L. (2013). Le Psylle du Gommier rouge (Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore) introduit sur les eucalyptus de France (Hemiptera, Psyllidae). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 117, 363–370.
  • Djian-Caporalino, C., Molinari, S., Palloix, A., Ciancio, A., Fazari, A., Marteu, N., Ris, N., and Castagnone-Sereno, P. (2013). The reproductive potential of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita is affected by selection for virulence against major resistance genes from tomato and pepper. European Journal of Plant Pathology 131, 431–440.
  • Vercken E, Vincent F, Mailleret L, Ris N, Tabone E, Fauvergue X. Time-lag in extinction dynamics in experimental populations: evidence for a genetic Allee effect? Journal of Animal Ecology. doi:10.1111/1365-2656.12051


  • Abd-Rabou S, Shalaby H, Germain JF,Ris N,Kreiter P, Malausa T. Identification of mealybug pest species (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Egypt and France, using a DNA barcoding approach. Bulletin of Entomological Research 102: 515-23
  • Benvenuto C,Cheyppe-Buchmann S,Bermond G,Ris N, Fauvergue X. Intraspecific hybridization, life history strategies and potential invasion success in a parasitoid wasp. Evolutionary Ecology 26: 1311-29
  • Benvenuto C, Tabone E, Vercken E,Sorbier N, Colombel E,Warot S, Fauvergue X,Ris N. Intraspecific variability in the parasitoid wasp Trichogramma chilonis: can we predict the outcome of hybridization? Evolutionary Applications 5: 498-510
  • Borowiec N, Groussier-Bout G, Vercken E, Thaon M, Auguste-Maros A, Warot S, Delvare G, Ris N, Fauvergue X, Malausa JC. Diversity and geographic distribution of the indigenous and exotic parasitoids of the olive fruit fly,Bactrocera oleae(Diptera: Tephritidae), in Southern France. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin 79: 71-8
  • Borowiec N, Thaon M, Brancaccio L, Warot S, Ris N, Malausa JC. Les hyménoptères galligènes de l'Eucalyptus en France (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae): une nouvelle espèce d'Ophelimus Haliday menace les plantations d'Eucalyptus dans la région méditerranéenne. Phytoma, la Défense des végétaux 656: 42-44
  • Cocquempot C, Malausa JC, Thaon M, Brancaccio L. Le Psylle du Gommier rouge (Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore) introduit sur les eucalyptus de France (Hemiptera, Psyllidae). Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique de France 117: 363-70


  • Borowiec N,Fleisch A,Kreiter P, Tabone E, Malausa T, Fauvergue X., Quilici S,Ris N,Malausa JC2011. Lutte biologique classique et insectes phytophages : Où en est la recherche ? Quels sont les enjeux et dans quels contexte ? Quelle évolution future ? Phytoma, la Défense des végétaux 647: 16-20
  • Cheyppe-Buchmann S, Bon MC,Warot S, Jones W, Malausa T, Fauvergue X, Ris N. Molecular characterization of Psyttalia lounsburyi, a candidate biocontrol agent of the olive fruit fly, and its Wolbachia symbionts as a pre-requisite for future intraspecific hybridization. BioControl 56: 713-24
  • Djian-Caporalino C, Molinari S, Palloix A, Ciancio A, Fazari A, Marteu N,Ris N, Castagnone-Sereno P. The reproductive potential of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita is affected by selection for virulence against major resistance genes from tomato and pepper. European Journal of Plant Pathology 131: 431-40
  • Fleisch A,Perez L,Kreiter P,Odor AV, Sentenac G. Biological characteristics of Heliococcus bohemicus and Ericydnus sipylus in controlled conditions. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin 67: 223-32
  • Malausa JC (Participation à ouvrage collectif). La faune auxiliaire des vignobles de France. ed Sentenac G France Agricole – Dunod, Paris
  • Malausa T, Fenis A, Warot S, Germain JF, Ris N, Prado E, Botton M, Vanlerberghe-Masutti F, Sforza R, Cruaud C et al: DNA markers to disentangle complexes of cryptic taxa in mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Journal of Applied Entomology 2011,  135: 142-55
  • Ris N, Malausa JC. 2011. Research and development in classical biological control with emphasis on the recent introductions of insect parasitoids. In : Classical and augmentative biological control against diseases and pests : critical status analysis and review of factors influencing their success, ed. P Nicot, pp. 20-33: IOBC/WPRS
  • Sentenac G, Kuntzmann P,Perez L,Gili A,Kreiter P. 2011. Biological control of Heliococcus bohemicus Sulc. (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) with the natural enemy Ericydnus sipylus (Walker) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae). IOBC/WPRS Bulletin 67: 31-40