Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free:

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site:, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Google Analytics

Targeted advertising cookies


The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at:

24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Institut Sophia Agrobiotech Logo Marque Etat - République Française Logo_INRAE_noir Logo Université Côte d'Azur CNRS

Home page

Institut Sophia Agrobiotech

UMR INRA - Univ. Nice Sophia Antipolis - Cnrs

European Journal of Plant Pathology

09 July 2018

European Journal of Plant Pathology
© Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Integrative Taxonomy of Meloidogyne oryzae (Nematoda: Meloidogyninae) parasitizing rice crops in Southern Brazil


A root-knot nematode parasitizing rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Santa Catarina state (Brazil) was identified as Meloidogyne oryzae Maas, Sanders and Dede, 1978 using different approaches. The specimens studied from this Brazilian population were compared with the type description of M. oryzae from Suriname, with additional morphological, biochemical and molecular characterization. The female has a longer stylet (15.0 μm) when compared with M. graminicola(11.2 μm) with irregularly shaped knobs, vulva offset and slightly protruding in posterior region. The lip region was distinct from first body annuli, and labial disc and the medial lips form an anchor-shaped structure. Perineal patterns were similar to M. graminicola. The male has a lip region offset and the presence of few short and irregular lines; medial lips divided, not fused with labial disc and stylet (18.2 μm) longer than in M. graminicola (16.8 μm). Second-stage juvenile (J2) tail (75.8 μm) was longer than in M. graminicola (70.9 μm) with a very long narrow hyaline portion (22 μm in M. oryzae and 17.9 μm in M. graminicola). Biochemically, it presented a distinct esterase profile (Est O1=R1), differentiating it from M. graminicola (Est VS1). The number of chromosomes was 3n = 50–56, and in DNA sequences of ITS1–5.8S–ITS2 rRNA the two populations of M. oryzae clustered together with other mitotic parthenogenetic species, differentiating them from M. graminicola with n = 18 chromosomes and clustered with meiotic species. Phylogenetic analysis using neutral markers (AFLP and RAPD) showed that both M. oryzae populations form a coherent, closely related cluster separately from M. graminicola isolates. This study represented the first detection of M. oryzae in Brazil and the second in the world after the species description in 1971.


AFLP, esterase phenotype, ITS, morphology, Oryza sativa, RAPD, root-knot nematode, taxonomy, tomato

Mattos, V.S. da, Cares, J.E., Gomes, C.B., Gomes, A.C.M.M., Monteiro, J. da M. dos S., Gomez, G.M., Castagnone-Sereno, P., and Carneiro, R.M.D.G. (2018). Integrative Taxonomy of Meloidogyne oryzae (Nematoda: Meloidogyninae) parasitizing rice crops in Southern Brazil. Eur J Plant Pathol 151, 649–662. DOI: 10.1007/s10658-017-1400-9

Site : View online >>