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Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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Institut Sophia Agrobiotech

UMR INRA - Univ. Nice Sophia Antipolis - Cnrs

Design and manage sustainable greenhouse production systems (TEAPEA)

Within the framework of PURE FP7 European project, more robust IPM solutions have been validated, specifically adapted to local socio-economic constraints and to a large range of greenhouse farming systems. 

Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA) system has increased ten-fold in the last 25 years thanks to tremendous scientific and technical breakthroughs, mainly directed to increasing crop yields and adapting to tough ambient conditions. Currently, greenhouse areas are still spreading and the CEA system is one of the keystones for the agriculture forecasting scenario.

However, the environmental acceptability of this very intensive agro-ecosystem is being questioned. Globally, IPM (Integrated Pest Management) is considered a success story within the CEA system, but it is strongly dependent on technology levels available and crop plant species. IPM mostly is limited to popular vegetables and sophisticated greenhouses. Biological control used without the help of physical control, e.g. screening-barriers and climate management, and more complex pest communities present in open greenhouses are two major challenges to overcome.

To design and manage more robust CEA systems, both technological and ecological approaches have been chosen. This allowed for increased consideration of IPM issues among global greenhouse engineering innovation and better use of greenhouse system capacities to enhance dedicated IPM high-tech tools and management practices. On the other hand, ecological concepts were used to determine and characterize complex biotic interactions that lead to question the tenant of biological control as soon as IPM is implemented in greenhouses with sub-optimum physical pest control means.

Innovative greenhouse, growers during training course and field decision support system tool.

Innovative greenhouse, growers during training course and field decision support system tool.

  • Poncet C., Parolin P., Fatnassi H., Mailleret L., Bout A., Pizzol J., Boll R., Bresch C. Technological and ecological approaches to design and manage sustainable greenhouse production systems. Acta Horticulturae. IHC Brisbane. 17-22 August 2014.