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Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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Deciphering the genetic architecture of plant virus resistance by GWAS, state of the art and potential advances

Severine Monnot, Henri Desaint, Tristan Mary-Huard, Laurence Moreau, Valérie Schurdi-Levraud, and Nathalie Boissot

Cells 2021, 10(11), 3080 - https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4409/10/11/3080

Growing virus resistant varieties is a highly effective means to avoid yield loss due to infection by many types of virus. The challenge is to be able to detect resistance donors within plant species diversity and then quickly introduce alleles conferring resistance into elite genetic backgrounds. Until now, mainly monogenic forms of resistance with major effects have been introduced in crops. Polygenic resistance is harder to map and introduce in susceptible genetic backgrounds but is likely more durable. Genome wide association studies (GWAS) offer an opportunity to accelerate mapping of both monogenic and polygenic resistance but have seldom been implemented and described in the plant-virus interaction context. Yet all of the 48 plant-virus GWAS published so far, have successfully mapped QTLs involved in plant virus resistance. In this review, we analyzed general and specific GWAS issues regarding plant virus resistance. We have identified and described several key steps throughout the GWAS pipeline, from diversity panel assembly to GWAS result analyses. Based on the 48 published articles, we analyzed the impact of each key step on the GWAS power and showcase several GWAS methods tailored to all types of virus.